EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Report 2018

In this report, the EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

Get a complete report sample from this link:

EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Report 2018

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Geographically, this report split EMEA into Europe, the Middle East and Africa, With sales (K MT), revenue (Million USD), market share and growth rate of Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams for these regions, from 2013 to 2025 (forecast)

Europe: Germany, France, UK, Russia, Italy and Benelux;

Middle East: Saudi Arabia, Israel, UAE and Iran;

Africa: South Africa, Nigeria, Egypt and Algeria.

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EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams market competition by top manufacturers/players, with Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams sales volume (K MT), price (USD/MT), revenue (Million USD) and market share for each manufacturer/player; the top players including

BASF

Toray Plastics

SEKISUI CHEMICAL

Primacel

Trocellen

Armacell

Carefoam

Zotefoams

Contact Details:

Company Name: QYResearch Inc.  |  More Than 120,000 Market Research Reports

Global Market Research Report Leading Publisher

QYResearch Los Angeles Research Center

Email:  sales@qyresearchus.com

Web: http://www.qyresearch.com/

Address: 17890 Castleton Street Suite 218 City of Industry CA 91748 United  States

On the basis of product, this report displays the sales volume, revenue, product price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

Polypropylene (PP) Foam

Polyethylene (PE) foams

Ethyl Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Foam

On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate for each application, including

Automotive

Medical

IT Rerated

Building and Construction

Industrial Thermal Insulation

Packaging

Consumer Goods

About us:

QYResearch, established in 2007, focuses on custom research, management consulting, IPO consulting, industry chain research, and data base &seminar services. The company owns large basic databases (such as National Bureau of Statistics Database, Customs Import and Export Database, Industry Association Database, etc.), expert resources (including industry experts who own more than 10 years experiences on marketing or R&D in industries of energy, automotive, chemicals, medical ICT consumer goods, etc.), professional survey team (the team members obtained more than 3 years market survey experience and more than 2 years deep expert interview experience), and excellent data analysis team (SPSS statistics and PPT graphics process team).

Custom Require  https://www.qyresearch.com/home/custom-investigation

World Wide Location  https://www.qyresearch.com/about/world-wide-location

 

Table of Contents

EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa) Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Report 2018

1 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams

1.2 Classification of Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams

1.2.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Size (Sales) Comparison by Type (2013-2025)

1.2.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Size (Sales) Market Share by Type (Product Category) in 2017

1.2.3 Polypropylene (PP) Foam

1.2.4 Polyethylene (PE) foams

1.2.5 Ethyl Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Foam

1.3 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market by Application/End Users

1.3.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales (Volume) and Market Share Comparison by Application (2013-2025)

1.3.2 Automotive

1.3.3 Medical

1.3.4 IT Rerated

1.3.5 Building and Construction

1.3.6 Industrial Thermal Insulation

1.3.7 Packaging

1.3.8 Consumer Goods

1.4 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market by Region

1.4.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Size (Value) Comparison by Region (2013-2025)

1.4.2 Europe Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.3 Middle East Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.4 Africa Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.5 EMEA Market Size (Value and Volume) of Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams (2013-2025)

1.5.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2025)

1.5.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2025)

2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Competition by Manufacturers/Players/Suppliers, Region, Type and Application

2.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Competition by Players/Manufacturers

2.1.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share of Major Players (2013-2018)

2.1.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Share by Players (2013-2018)

2.1.3 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sale Price by Players (2013-2018)

2.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams (Volume and Value) by Type/Product Category

2.2.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Type (2013-2018)

2.2.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Market Share by Type (2013-2018)

2.2.3 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sale Price by Type (2013-2018)

2.3 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams (Volume) by Application

2.4 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams (Volume and Value) by Region

2.4.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Region (2013-2018)

2.4.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Market Share by Region (2013-2018)

2.4.3 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Price by Region (2013-2018)

3 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price), by Players, Countries, Type and Application

3.1 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

3.1.1 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.1.2 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.2 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Type

3.3 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Application

3.4 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Value (Revenue) by Countries

3.4.1 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume by Countries (2013-2018)

3.4.2 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue by Countries (2013-2018)

3.4.3 Germany Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.4.4 France Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.4.5 UK Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.4.6 Russia Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.4.7 Italy Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.4.8 Benelux Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price), by Region, Type and Application

4.1 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

4.1.1 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4.1.2 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4.2 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Type

4.3 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Application

4.4 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Value (Revenue) by Countries

4.4.1 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume by Countries (2013-2018)

4.4.2 Middle East Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue by Countries (2013-2018)

4.4.3 Saudi Arabia Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4.4.4 Israel Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4.4.5 UAE Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4.4.6 Iran Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price) by Players, Countries, Type and Application

5.1 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

5.1.1 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5.1.2 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5.2 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Type

5.3 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Application

5.4 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Value (Revenue) by Countries

5.4.1 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume by Countries (2013-2018)

5.4.2 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue by Countries (2013-2018)

5.4.3 South Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5.4.4 Nigeria Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5.4.5 Egypt Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5.4.6 Algeria Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

6 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Manufacturers/Players Profiles and Sales Data

6.1 BASF

6.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.1.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.1.2.1 Product A

6.1.2.2 Product B

6.1.3 BASF Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6.2 Toray Plastics

6.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.2.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.2.2.1 Product A

6.2.2.2 Product B

6.2.3 Toray Plastics Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6.3 SEKISUI CHEMICAL

6.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.3.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.3.2.1 Product A

6.3.2.2 Product B

6.3.3 SEKISUI CHEMICAL Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6.4 Primacel

6.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.4.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.4.2.1 Product A

6.4.2.2 Product B

6.4.3 Primacel Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6.5 Trocellen

6.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.5.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.5.2.1 Product A

6.5.2.2 Product B

6.5.3 Trocellen Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6.6 Armacell

6.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.6.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.6.2.1 Product A

6.6.2.2 Product B

6.6.3 Armacell Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6.7 Carefoam

6.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.7.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.7.2.1 Product A

6.7.2.2 Product B

6.7.3 Carefoam Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6.8 Zotefoams

6.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

6.8.2 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Product Type, Application and Specification

6.8.2.1 Product A

6.8.2.2 Product B

6.8.3 Zotefoams Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

6.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview

7 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Manufacturing Cost Analysis

7.1 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Key Raw Materials Analysis

7.1.1 Key Raw Materials

7.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials

7.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

7.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials

7.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

7.2.1 Raw Materials

7.2.2 Labor Cost

7.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses

7.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams

8 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

8.1 Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Industrial Chain Analysis

8.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing

8.3 Raw Materials Sources of Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Major Manufacturers in 2017

8.4 Downstream Buyers

9 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

9.1 Marketing Channel

9.1.1 Direct Marketing

9.1.2 Indirect Marketing

9.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend

9.2 Market Positioning

9.2.1 Pricing Strategy

9.2.2 Brand Strategy

9.2.3 Target Client

9.3 Distributors/Traders List

10 Market Effect Factors Analysis

10.1 Technology Progress/Risk

10.1.1 Substitutes Threat

10.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry

10.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change

10.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change

11 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Market Forecast (2018-2025)

11.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Price Forecast (2018-2025)

11.1.1 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

11.1.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

11.1.3 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Price and Trend Forecast (2018-2025)

11.2 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2018-2025)

11.3 Europe Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2018-2025)

11.4 Middle Eastt Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2018-2025)

11.5 Africa Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2018-2025)

11.6 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

11.7 EMEA Cross-Linked Polyolefin Foams Sales Forecast by Application (2018-2025)

12 Research Findings and Conclusion

13 Appendix

13.1 Methodology/Research Approach

13.1.1 Research Programs/Design

13.1.2 Market Size Estimation

13.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation

13.2 Data Source

13.2.1 Secondary Sources

13.2.2 Primary Sources

13.3 Disclaimer

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Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Report 2018

In this report, the Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

Get a complete report sample from this link:

Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Report 2018

We will be happy to help you find what you’re looking for. Please call or email us

US Phone: 00-1-626-295-2442

E-mail: sales@qyresearchus.com

Web: https://www.qyresearch.com

Geographically, this report split Asia-Pacific into several key Regions, with sales (K MT), revenue (Million USD), market share and growth rate of Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams for these regions, from 2013 to 2025 (forecast), including

China

Japan

South Korea

Taiwan

India

Southeast Asia

Australia

Get full report for $4,000 (single user license) 

$4,000  single license

USD 8,000 Enterprise License

Send an email to  sales@qyresearchus.com to request a quote

You can order products using the following methods : https://www.qyresearch.com/support/how-to-order

Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams market competition by top manufacturers/players, with Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams sales volume, price, revenue (Million USD) and market share for each manufacturer/player; the top players including

Sekisui

Sealing Devices

AZOTE

Zouch

Nexus Foams

Wisconsin Foam Products

Toray Plastics

3H Foam

On the basis of product, this report displays the sales volum, revenue, product price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

Polyethylene (PE) Compound

PE/EVA

Contact Details:

Company Name: QYResearch Inc.  |  More Than 120,000 Market Research Reports

Global Market Research Report Leading Publisher

QYResearch Los Angeles Research Center

Email:  sales@qyresearchus.com

Web: http://www.qyresearch.com/

Address: 17890 Castleton Street Suite 218 City of Industry CA 91748 United  States

On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate for each application, including

Construction Materials

Packing

Instrument Case Manufacture

Sports and Leisure

Others

About us:

QYResearch, established in 2007, focuses on custom research, management consulting, IPO consulting, industry chain research, and data base &seminar services. The company owns large basic databases (such as National Bureau of Statistics Database, Customs Import and Export Database, Industry Association Database, etc.), expert resources (including industry experts who own more than 10 years experiences on marketing or R&D in industries of energy, automotive, chemicals, medical ICT consumer goods, etc.), professional survey team (the team members obtained more than 3 years market survey experience and more than 2 years deep expert interview experience), and excellent data analysis team (SPSS statistics and PPT graphics process team).

Custom Require  https://www.qyresearch.com/home/custom-investigation

World Wide Location  https://www.qyresearch.com/about/world-wide-location

 

Table of Contents

Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Report 2018

1 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams

1.2 Classification of Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams by Product Category

1.2.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Size (Sales) Comparison by Types (2013-2025)

1.2.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Size (Sales) Market Share by Type (Product Category) in 2017

1.2.3 Polyethylene (PE) Compound

1.2.4 PE/EVA

1.3 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market by Application/End Users

1.3.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales (Volume) and Market Share Comparison by Applications (2013-2025)

1.3.2 Construction Materials

1.3.3 Packing

1.3.4 Instrument Case Manufacture

1.3.5 Sports and Leisure

1.3.6 Others

1.4 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market by Region

1.4.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Size (Value) Comparison by Region (2013-2025)

1.4.2 China Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.3 Japan Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.4 South Korea Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.5 Taiwan Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.6 India Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.7 Southeast Asia Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.4.8 Australia Status and Prospect (2013-2025)

1.5 Asia-Pacific Market Size (Value and Volume) of Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (2013-2025)

1.5.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Growth Rate (2013-2025)

1.5.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2025)

2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Competition by Players/Suppliers, Region, Type and Application

2.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Competition by Players/Suppliers

2.1.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share of Key Players/Suppliers (2013-2018)

2.1.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Share by Players/Suppliers (2013-2018)

2.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume and Value) by Type

2.2.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Type (2013-2018)

2.2.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Market Share by Type (2013-2018)

2.3 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume) by Application

2.4 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume and Value) by Region

2.4.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Market Share by Region (2013-2018)

2.4.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Market Share by Region (2013-2018)

3 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

3.1 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

3.1.1 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.1.2 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

3.1.3 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Price Trend (2013-2018)

3.2 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Type

3.3 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Application

4 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

4.1 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

4.1.1 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4.1.2 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

4.1.3 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Price Trend (2013-2018)

4.2 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Type

4.3 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Application

5 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

5.1 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

5.1.1 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5.1.2 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

5.1.3 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Price Trend (2013-2018)

5.2 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Type

5.3 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Application

6 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

6.1 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

6.1.1 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

6.1.2 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

6.1.3 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Price Trend (2013-2018)

6.2 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Type

6.3 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Application

7 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

7.1 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

7.1.1 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

7.1.2 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

7.1.3 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Price Trend (2013-2018)

7.2 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Type

7.3 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Application

8 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

8.1 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

8.1.1 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

8.1.2 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

8.1.3 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Price Trend (2013-2018)

8.2 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Type

8.3 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Application

9 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

9.1 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales and Value (2013-2018)

9.1.1 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

9.1.2 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate (2013-2018)

9.1.3 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Price Trend (2013-2018)

9.2 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Type

9.3 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Market Share by Application

10 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Players/Suppliers Profiles and Sales Data

10.1 Sekisui

10.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.1.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.1.2.1 Product A

10.1.2.2 Product B

10.1.3 Sekisui Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.2 Sealing Devices

10.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.2.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.2.2.1 Product A

10.2.2.2 Product B

10.2.3 Sealing Devices Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.3 AZOTE

10.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.3.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.3.2.1 Product A

10.3.2.2 Product B

10.3.3 AZOTE Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.4 Zouch

10.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.4.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.4.2.1 Product A

10.4.2.2 Product B

10.4.3 Zouch Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.5 Nexus Foams

10.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.5.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.5.2.1 Product A

10.5.2.2 Product B

10.5.3 Nexus Foams Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.6 Wisconsin Foam Products

10.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.6.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.6.2.1 Product A

10.6.2.2 Product B

10.6.3 Wisconsin Foam Products Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.7 Toray Plastics

10.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.7.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.7.2.1 Product A

10.7.2.2 Product B

10.7.3 Toray Plastics Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.8 3H Foam

10.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.8.2 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Product Category, Application and Specification

10.8.2.1 Product A

10.8.2.2 Product B

10.8.3 3H Foam Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2013-2018)

10.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview

11 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Manufacturing Cost Analysis

11.1 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Key Raw Materials Analysis

11.1.1 Key Raw Materials

11.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials

11.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

11.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials

11.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

11.2.1 Raw Materials

11.2.2 Labor Cost

11.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses

11.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams

12 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

12.1 Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Industrial Chain Analysis

12.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing

12.3 Raw Materials Sources of Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Major Manufacturers in 2017

12.4 Downstream Buyers

13 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

13.1 Marketing Channel

13.1.1 Direct Marketing

13.1.2 Indirect Marketing

13.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend

13.2 Market Positioning

13.2.1 Pricing Strategy

13.2.2 Brand Strategy

13.2.3 Target Client

13.3 Distributors/Traders List

14 Market Effect Factors Analysis

14.1 Technology Progress/Risk

14.1.1 Substitutes Threat

14.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry

14.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change

14.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change

15 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Market Forecast (2018-2025)

15.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume, Revenue and Price Forecast (2018-2025)

15.1.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.1.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.1.3 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Price and Trend Forecast (2018-2025)

15.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2018-2025)

15.2.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Volume and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2018-2025)

15.2.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2018-2025)

15.2.3 China Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.2.4 Japan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.2.5 South Korea Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.2.6 Taiwan Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.2.7 India Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.2.8 Southeast Asia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.2.9 Australia Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2018-2025)

15.3 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

15.3.1 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

15.3.2 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Revenue Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

15.3.3 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Price Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

15.4 Asia-Pacific Closed Cell Polyolefin Foams Sales Forecast by Application (2018-2025)

16 Research Findings and Conclusion

17 Appendix

17.1 Methodology/Research Approach

17.1.1 Research Programs/Design

17.1.2 Market Size Estimation

17.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation

17.2 Data Source

17.2.1 Secondary Sources

17.2.2 Primary Sources

17.3 Disclaimer

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Amazing Hannover, Germany! China’s Huawei Orders to Hit the United States with 170 Countries.

From April 23 to 27, at the Hanover Exhibition Center, more than 5,000 exhibitors from around the world gathered. Eyeful machines and dazzling technology can be considered as top technology opportunities. As an Oscar in the global industrial field, new products, new technologies, and new technologies will be dizzying at every Hannover Fair. As the world’s leading ICT (information and communications) solution provider, Huawei’s booth for communication equipment makers is also particularly attracting attention.

The appearance of the global industry “Oscar”

The report of the “Nihon Keizai Shimbun” on April 25 mentioned that at the Hannover Messe in Germany, Huawei disclosed the connected car based on the vehicles of the French Peugeot Citroën Group (PSA Group) and announced that it would be sold in Europe by PSA Peugeot Citroen. . This car can operate car navigation systems through voice, or perform safe driving diagnosis. The report said that in the development of new-generation automobiles, China is stepping up its efforts to grasp the core of communications technology.

According to reports, Huawei has developed an “Internet of Things (IoT)” service platform for automobiles. In April, PSA Peugeot Citroen will launch DS 7 CROSSBACK, a connected car equipped with the Huawei IoT platform in China. It plans to sell in Europe in 2019 and strive to provide interconnection services to over 10 million vehicles in more than 170 countries by 2020.

Huawei achieved large-capacity data transmission through the high-speed communication line and the cloud system. This platform gives full play to Huawei’s technological capabilities and will collect data such as driving distance, speed, and brake pedaling methods to provide drivers with driving support and vehicle diagnostics. Not only the location of the nearby gas station, but also the price of each gas station can be displayed, and the driving record can be confirmed on the mobile phone. With voice recognition capabilities, voice navigation car navigation device.

At the Hannover Industry Fair, Huawei displayed the red Peugeot Citroen car at the entrance of the exhibition area. PSA Peugeot Citroen senior vice president Jean Lefleur said on the 23rd that “through the cooperation with Huawei, we have obtained the specific results of the connected car.” He Liyang, head of Huawei’s BG Automotive Business Unit, emphasized that one of the keys to the success of the digital transformation of car companies is to build an ecological digital cloud platform. PSA Peugeot Citroen stated that it will introduce Huawei’s IoT platform to vehicles throughout the group.

“Nihon Keizai Shimbun” pointed out that connected cars are considered as one of the potential shares of the new generation of automobiles. With the development of next-generation communications “5G” technology, high-speed and high-capacity communications become possible. The stable cloud technology for network and data processing will become the key to connected cars. Huawei is considered to have mastered 10% of the major patented technologies in the 5G field.

▲ A DS 7 Crossback car (Huawei) launched by Huawei in cooperation with the symbol Citroen at Huawei’s booth in Hanover, Germany (Xinhua)

 

Excellent chip and 5G technology

Huawei is attracting attention at the Hannover Messe, not just because of connected cars.

A smooth ball, an unstable tray, under the robot’s operation, as soon as the ball is off center, the tray will immediately adjust the posture, the ball will be reset to the bull’s eye – this is a view of the Hannover Expo in China. Such fine and sensitive actions cannot be realized by human beings. But robots rely on the support of 5G technology. Huawei staff told Xinhua News Agency that under the Huawei’s 5G high-speed transmission technology, the trays could eliminate time delays as much as possible and “play” the balls between the hands. As a new bright spot in China’s scientific and technological innovation, breakthroughs in 5G technology are a microcosm of China’s ever-changing manufacturing.

▲ On April 24th, in Hanover, Germany, visitors watched robots controlled by 5G technology exhibited by Huawei. (Xinhua News Agency)

 

“China is innovating at a speed faster than you think.” On April 11th, the Forbes biweekly website published an article by the Spanish IE Business School professor Michael Wendrot. The article points out that Huawei, the world leader in telecom equipment and now the world’s third-largest mobile phone manufacturer, has an unparalleled breadth of technology and has improved the equipment quality in China and other developing regions, so that the company now even dominates some Western countries. market.

According to the information network reporter’s understanding, at the current Barcelona Mobile World Congress on March 1st this year, Huawei officially released the first 5G commercial chip that meets the global authoritative communication standard – Barron 5G01 and based on this chip. The first 5G commercial terminal. This indicates that Huawei has taken the lead in breaking the commercial bottleneck of 5G terminal chips. It is also at this session of the World Mobile Communications Conference that Huawei’s smart phones show people how to operate cars.

Argentina’s Buenos Aires Economic News website reported on February 27th how smart phones using artificial intelligence processors are. It has been said that the future of smart phones is based on neural network-based chips. This technology can not only optimize the camera’s camera function and improve the overall performance of the phone, but also allows the phone to operate the car. China’s Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. conducted a self-learning test on its Kirin 970 artificial smart phone chip. Huawei recently demonstrated to the world the company’s automatic pilot program RoadReader. The project has transformed a Porsche Panamera, which can be powered by a Huawei Mate10 Pro smartphone equipped with a Unicorn 970 chip.

Despite the need for improvement in some technical details, Huawei developed the demonstration system in only five weeks. In the current market for mobile phone chips, the top five are Apple, Huawei Unicorn, MediaTek, Qualcomm, and Samsung Orion. On December 29, 2017, Yu Chengdong, CEO of Huawei’s consumer business, disclosed that in 2017, Huawei’s mobile phone sales revenue was approximately 236 billion yuan, an increase of approximately 30% compared to 2016. Huawei and Glory branded smart phones shipped 153 million units a year, and HUAWEI Mate 9 and P 10 series exceeded 10 million units worldwide.

▲ Porsche Panamera (AFP) driven by a Huawei Mate10 Pro smartphone equipped with a Unicorn 970 chip

Clearly cools the U.S. market

However, it is such a technology that has been acknowledged by the world that the third largest mobile phone company in the world has recently been hit by the US market. In January, American telecommunications operator Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) withdrew its cooperation plan for sales of Huawei mobile phones in the United States. In March, Best Buy announced the suspension of the sale of Huawei mobile phones…

In response to repeated US obstructions against Huawei’s entry into the market, April 20th, Forbes writer and Jean Baptiste Su, vice president and chief analyst of Atherton Research, a global technology consulting and intelligence company, wrote an article. From the recent standpoint of Huawei executives, the United States is no longer part of Huawei’s global strategy.

According to the information network reporter’s understanding, at the annual analyst meeting held on April 17 at Huawei’s headquarters in Shenzhen, Huawei’s rotating CEO Xu Zhijun pointed out: “Some things are not based on our will. It’s not as good as you’re unable to do so. Let him manage. In this way, we will have more energy and time to serve our customers, have more time and energy to build better products to meet the needs of our customers. Some things, let go, but easy.” The outside world interprets this as saying that Huawei will quickly reduce US business, including sales, marketing and after-sales support.

Earlier this year, plans for Huawei’s high-profile Mate 10 series phones to enter the US market were hampered by the U.S. government’s obstruction. On March 27, Huawei held the P20 series conference in Paris, the fashion capital of France. The French “Tribune” reported on the same day that Huawei invited nearly 1,500 reporters to the Paris Exhibition Hall to participate in the launch of the new high-end smart phones P20 and P20Pro. Huawei, which has suffered a setback in the United States, hopes to snatch Apple and Samsung’s European market through new products. The report said that choosing Paris to open a press conference is not an expedient measure. Huawei seems to want to use the image of Paris overseas to highlight its high-end and innovative positioning. Doing so also avoids Huawei being considered a new Chinese low-cost handset manufacturer.

At this press conference, Yu Chengdong, CEO of Huawei’s consumer business, bluntly stated: “Even if there is no US market, we will still be the world’s largest smart phone manufacturer.”

▲On March 27, Huawei’s consumer business CEO Yu Chengdong introduced Huawei’s new high-end smartphone P20 series at a conference in Paris. (Reuters)

 

In the global 5G market siege

At present, the European market is focusing on cultivating “objects.” Not only is the smart phone market, Huawei’s transcripts in the European 5G market are also very beautiful. At the same time during the Hannover Messe, Huawei Wireless X Labs and Beckhoff demonstrated the future of the plant’s 5G key application – wireless programmable logic controller (PLC). In mid-April, Germany issued the first 5G product certificate to Huawei, which means that Huawei’s 5G base stations can legally enter the EU market. In early February, during the visit of the British Prime Minister Teresa May, Huawei also reached a £3 billion (US$4.2 billion) purchase agreement with the United Kingdom. The agreement will include the global risk management and foreign exchange operations that Huawei operates in London, and Huawei pays patent license fees to chip designers such as ARM and other UK technology companies. According to Reuters, the new agreement is based on the 1.3 billion pounds in 2013-2017 that was promised in 2012. It will actually allow Huawei to invest or purchase 2 billion pounds during this period. The procurement commitment is different from business investment. Through the investment, Huawei has become the broadband equipment of the telecommunications operator BT Group and the major supplier of Vodafone mobile network.

Reuters/Frankfurt/Hong Kong reported on February 23 that, despite allegations of security threats by the United States, Huawei China is gradually establishing closer commercial partnerships with large telecommunications operators in Europe and Asia, in the global 5G network competition. In an advantageous position.

According to reports, China will become the world’s largest and leading 5G market. Huawei has long enjoyed a dominant position in China. However, Huawei has continued to attack cities in other parts of the world, competing with rivals Ericsson and Nokia in several important markets, many of which are long-term allies.

The 5G network is still in the testing phase. In the future, 5G networks will rely on denser antenna arrays and cloud technologies to provide data transmission speeds 50 or 100 times faster than current 4G networks. This will be an extremely important infrastructure for many industries.

Most of the agreements to start building 5G networks will take only one year to begin, but according to Reuters’ analysis of Huawei’s reports and announcements, Huawei has already signed 25 memorandums of understanding for the use of 5G equipment with telecom operators. They can be seen as a warm-up of potential commercial contracts. The signing parties for these memorandums of understanding include British Telecom, Bell Canada, Orange France, German Telecom, and Vodafone, a multinational telecommunications company.

According to Reuters’ analysis, the number of MOUs signed by Huawei is still less than 38 for Ericsson and 31 for Nokia. However, existing partnerships with operators may give Huawei additional advantages. According to Huawei, as of 2016, more than half of the world’s 537 4G networks will be served by Huawei and 59 of the world’s 90 4.5G networks.

According to reports, in addition to the UK, Germany, France, and Canada, Huawei’s 5G Memorandum also includes non-binding agreements with large telecom operators such as Korea, Japan, Australia, Italy, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia.

The report said that in addition to potential commercial interests, these agreements also show that many US allies do not agree with Washington’s security concerns. A Huawei spokesperson said: “Huawei has gained the trust of governments and customers in 170 countries around the world, and the cybersecurity risks it brings will never be greater than any one (communication) supplier.”

▲Huawei’s booth at this year’s Mobile World Congress (Reuters)

 

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Huawei is working on a self-developed operating system to replace Android and involves computer operating systems.

China wants to develop high technology. The U.S. prohibition of ZTE’s use of U.S. products and services is undoubtedly a major challenge to China. ZTE may lose its authority to use the Android system on smartphones. We cannot help but ask: As a backup, does China need its own smartphone operating system?

According to Gartner’s estimates, Android and Apple iOS control smart operating systems, accounting for 99.9% of the global market. Looking back at history, there are many developers and operating systems that want to break the “duopoly” situation: Microsoft has launched the Windows Mobile OS, Samsung has introduced the Tizen system, and the Nokia Symbian platform – it was once the pioneer of smart phones.

Huawei is developing its own operating system. Informed sources disclosed that Huawei has been developing and improving its own smartphone operating system. An insider who declined to be named said that in 2012, the United States launched an investigation into Huawei and ZTE, and Huawei began to develop its own operating system. He also said that Huawei is still developing tablet and PC operating systems.

The plan was originally initiated by Huawei’s founder, Ren Zhengfei. People familiar with the matter said that Huawei viewed development as a strategic investment, mainly to prepare for the worst case scenario. Huawei did not release the operating system, because the system is not as good as Android, and the operating system does not have a large number of third-party applications.

A few days ago, at a meeting in Beijing, media representatives asked Zhao Ming, president of glory, whether Huawei was developing its own operating system. Zhao Ming said: “This issue is mainly related to capabilities and necessity. It is clear that Huawei has the ability to develop operating systems, but it is not necessary at present because we will continue to use the Android operating system in close cooperation with Google.”

Huawei also responded that it will not release its own operating system for the foreseeable future. Huawei said: “We focus on Android products and adopt an open attitude in mobile OS.”

The escalation of trade disputes between China and the United States has made it more and more urgent to have alternative operating systems. Since Huawei is suspected of selling products to Iran, the United States is investigating and Huawei may be subject to sanctions. However, the U.S. Department of Justice and Huawei did not confirm that the investigation did exist. Huawei stated that it has complied with laws and regulations where the company operates. At the beginning of the year, AT&T and Verizon no longer supported Huawei.

IDC vice president Brian Ma said: “Even if Huawei has developed something, the key question is whether Google services will appear on the platform. If these services are lacking, then for users outside China, The App ecosystem will be extremely bad. Like Windows Phone, Tizen, and other mobile operating systems, it’s difficult to capture the market.”

Renfei Wang once said in 2012 that he is preparing for the worst case, which is part of company management. At the time, Ren Zhengfei met with Huawei executives and external experts. The media quoted him as saying: “For strategic reasons, we are developing our own operating system because we don’t want to stop using Android or Windows 8 once we have lost our food. “I was in desperation.” Ren Zhengfei also said: “Similarly, when we develop our own high-end chips, I do not oppose buying high-end chips from the United States. I think we should use their high-end chips as much as possible and try our best to understand it. When they Instead of selling chips to us, we can use our chips in large quantities, and even if the chips are poor, they can still be used.”

Huawei’s technology investment is quite high. Last year it spent 14.2 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 14.9% of revenues. It is second only to Amazon and more than Alphabet. Huawei’s HiSilicon can develop Kirin chips because of its huge resources. Huawei uses Kirin chips for many phones, including Mate 10 and P20.

Despite this, China still highly relies on imported semiconductor components. According to PwC’s report, China accounts for more than 60% of the world’s annual chip sales. For the United States, chips are also important export goods, as are aircraft, refined oils, and automobiles.

Last year, Huawei shipped 153.1 million smart phones and installed an operating system named EMUI, which is equivalent to an optimized Android system. Huawei is now the third largest smartphone manufacturer in the world.

In the future, Huawei will continue to purchase chips from Qualcomm and MediaTek. The Kirin chip will be used in its own mobile phones and will not be sold to external customers. Huawei’s rotating chairman, Eric Xu, said in a meeting in Shenzhen this month: “We will continue to implement a multi-supplier strategy because this strategy will ensure the healthy development of the smartphone business. We cannot put all our eggs in one basket. ”

Speaking about the investigation in the United States, Zhao Ming said that other countries had initiated investigations before, and they were ultimately shocked because Huawei complied with local laws and regulations. He also said: “As long as we continue to conduct business with honesty, there will be no problem.”

 

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ZTE Rocks Thousands of Waves The Chinese company is worried about another “time bomb”

The game between China and the United States has focused on high-tech industries. The deadly crisis of ZTE is both a case and a footnote to the game. The interpretation of the ZTE incident will not only affect diplomacy but also affect internal affairs.

415519161718641660
On April 20, ZTE held a press conference. Chairman Yin Yimin expressed his firm opposition to unfair and unreasonable penalties. The company adopted all legal means to solve the problem. Figure / Vision China

On April 10, after President Xi Jinping gave a speech at the Boao Forum for Asia that China will increase its opening, President Trump sent tweets to express his appreciation and gratitude. The two sides of the Pacific are relieved that the fermentation at the beginning of the year and the culmination of the beginning of April The trade conflicts between China and the United States have been turning.

But less than a week later, the ZTE event has once again tightened Sino-US relations. Regardless of the Sino-US relationship, the concerns raised by this incident are far more than just trade.

On the evening of April 16, the US Department of Commerce ordered that US companies prohibit the sale of any electronic technology and communications components to ZTE Corporation (000063.SZ/0763.HK) within the next seven years. ZTE has relied heavily on U.S. suppliers for its telecommunications equipment, handset terminals, and hardware and software supplies. The US Department of Commerce’s ruling is equivalent to a disaster.

ZTE, headquartered in Shenzhen, was established in 1985 and is China’s second largest and fourth largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer in the world. Its operating revenue in 2017 was RMB 108.82 billion.

Four days later, a senior official of the U.S. Department of Commerce stated publicly that the agency had approved ZTE’s request for more material from an informal channel. ZTE has a chance to emerge.

On April 24, Trump announced that Minister of Finance Muchinchin and Trade Representative Lite Shizzle will lead a delegation to visit China in a few days. He said that the United States and China are likely to reach an agreement on trade issues. On the evening of April 26, CNBC reported that Kudlow, the White House’s economic adviser, will also be a member of the U.S. delegation.

A senior ZTE employee told the Caijing reporter that he expects the ZTE event to be listed as a negotiating issue.

The survival of the ZTE has attracted attention, but the more domestic issues discussed are: Why did ZTE become a “target”? Why did ZTE be “shocked by one card” by the U.S. government? What is the impact of the ZTE incident on China’s high-tech industry? Should we develop the “China Core” at all costs? What is “independence” in the era of globalization?

395210991961625546
A chip from the IC design, wafer production, IC manufacturing, IC packaging to testing, the complexity of the production process, the high demand is that many people outside the industry can not imagine. Figure / Vision China

The mainstream view is that ZTE has major flaws in compliance management and risk prevention. As a result, ZTE has become the “target” to send to the door in the context of China-US trade friction. However, the U.S. government has tried its best to fight against the ZTE incident. The goal is not to narrow the trade deficit, but to maintain the competitive advantage of the U.S. high-tech industry and prevent China from overtaking. Consistency in understanding this U.S. government is different from many differences in trade policy. Therefore, there is a possibility that the U.S. government will expand its strike, and more Chinese high-tech companies may be affected. The absence or backwardness of China’s related industries in core technologies has made China’s countermeasures inadequate. Even so, independent research and development based on the model of “two bullets and one star” is unrealistic. China’s economy has become deeply globalized. China’s high-tech industries, from the R&D and production supply chain to the patent cross-licensing system, have also become deeply globalized, and there is no way to catch up with closed doors.

 

Fatal omission

The U.S. Department of Commerce insists that the settlement agreement is a 39-person sanction list, but ZTE believes that there are only 4 people targeted for sanctions.

On March 7, 2016, ZTE Corporation was accused of selling scientific and technological products containing US hardware and software to Iran and North Korea. It violated the US import and export regulations and was issued by the US Department of Commerce as an “export control refusal order”, that is, within seven years. ZTE is allowed to directly or indirectly purchase any products of U.S. companies. At the same time, the “rejection orders” are also issued by ZTE’s wholly-owned subsidiary ZTE Corporation.

After one year’s hard work, on March 13, 2017, ZTE reached a settlement agreement with the US Department of Commerce, the Ministry of Justice, and the Overseas Assets Management Office of the Ministry of Finance. ZTE conceded violation of the US import and export regulations and agreed to pay 1.192 billion U.S. dollars for this purpose. fine. Of which 892 million US dollars a one-time payment, the remaining 300 million U.S. dollars whether the payment depends on the company’s compliance with the agreement in the next seven years, ZTE agreed to accept US compliance supervision and audit. The settlement agreement does not mean that the U.S. Department of Commerce will revoke the ban on ZTE, but “suspend implementation,” and the U.S. Department of Justice maintains a three-year observation period for ZTE.

During the observation period, the United States dispatched an independent compliance ombudsman to supervise ZTE’s compliance with U.S. export control laws and fulfillment of the settlement agreement, and issued an annual report; in the three years after the observation period expired, it was changed to ZTE’s own independent and compliant audit. The staff conducts inspections and issues annual audit reports.

In short, in the seven years after March 13, 2017, the U.S. Department of Commerce maintained the power to activate the refusal order.

The U.S. Department of Commerce’s website announced that the activation of the restraining order was caused by ZTE’s “false statement” during the “initial investigation period, the suspension of the suspension period and the observation period”, in which the “false statement of the observation period” was detonated. point.

At the end of the announcement, the U.S. Department of Commerce attached a PDF file called “ZTE-denial-Order,” which explained ZTE’s “false statement in the observation period.” The 14-page document states that on July 30, 2016, ZTE submitted two e-mails to the Ministry of Commerce on July 30, 2017.

In an email on November 30, 2016, ZTE Corporation stated that the company has initiated internal investigation and reorganization procedures; in an email on July 20, 2017, ZTE Corporation stated to the U.S. Department of Commerce that the investigation and rectification were over, and provided a 39-person List of penalties.

On February 2, 2018, the U.S. Department of Commerce sent a letter to ZTE asking for the current position, title, scope of duties, salary, and bonuses of 39 people. At this time, ZTE admitted that only 4 employees were fired, and all but 35 of them had won 2016 full bonuses.

It was the handling of these 35 people that angered the U.S. Department of Commerce. U.S. Secretary of Commerce Wilbur L. Ross stated in a related announcement: “ZTE misled the Ministry of Commerce. ZTE not only did not condemn its employees and senior management personnel, but also rewarded them. This behavior is shocking and cannot be ignored. ”

However, ZTE’s statement is different. In an internal letter issued by ZTE to all employees on April 20, ZTE stated that the agreement reached with the U.S. Department of Justice was simply to “handle four executives/employees,” and the company also admitted to be in 2017. On July 20th, the US Department of Commerce sent an e-mail “report on the completion of disciplinary measures of some employees”, but it did not clearly indicate whether it provided a 39-person list to the U.S. Department of Commerce in this letter.

ZTE stated that it was not until the end of February 2018 and early March 2018 that the company learned that “the bonus deduction plan for certain employees has not been implemented in a timely manner” and that President Zhao Xianming “arranged to act swiftly” to remediate, in addition to punishing the relevant employees. “We also took the initiative to report the situation to the North District Court in Texas.”

However, these remedies have no use, and the sword of Damocles, which hangs over Zhongxing, has fallen. On April 15, the U.S. Department of Commerce activated the refusal order.

Does “35 people” appear in the settlement agreement? Both parties expressed different opinions. OBI News interviewed Will Reinert, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s press officer, who stated clearly: “This (punishment or reduction of bonus for 35 employees) is one of the contents of the agreement signed by them (ZTE).”

ZTE held a 10-minute briefing on April 20, which was the only time that ZTE officially expressed its position. Yin Yimin, chairman of the board, said at the press conference that the U.S. sanctions will put the company into a state of shock.

Shock wave

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ZTE chip R&D capabilities are not as bad as the outside world has imagined. ZTE IC chip revenue ranked third in China. Figure / Vision China

Not only ZTE, China, and related companies in the global science and technology sector are digesting the costs of different sizes for this round of Sino-American games.

From the perspective of follow-up development, a wider range of Sino-US related companies have been drawn into the pressure zone.

Frank Semiritz, Co-Chair of International Trade at Squire Patton Boggs LLP, pointed out that ZTE’s situation may not be eased, but it will also damage some important US suppliers. Among the U.S. listed companies, more than a dozen have listed ZTE as a partner in their financial reports.

Qualcomm is the US chip giant, ZTE’s most important chip supplier. Affected by the ZTE event, Qualcomm’s share price fell by 9% for a time, making it the most visible victim of Sino-US trade disputes. Acacia Communications, a US fiber optic communications component company, is a ZTE supplier. Last year, ZTE contributed approximately 30% of its revenue, and its share price has fallen by one-third since April 16. San Jose Optical Communications Device Provider Oclaro In 2017, with $600 million in revenue, ZTE contributed 18%. NeoPhotonics, a leading manufacturer of photonic integrated modules, saw a 13% drop in share price due to the ZTE event. The Wall Street Journal reported on April 25 that the US Department of Justice is investigating whether Huawei violated the Iranian embargo regulations. On the same day, the share price of NeoPhotonics fell by 11%, because Huawei brought 40% revenue in 2017, and ZTE’s revenue only accounted for 5%…

There is another “time bomb” that sparked widespread concern among Chinese companies.

Four days after the incident, on April 19, the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Committee of the U.S. Congress released the report “U.S. Federal Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Supply Chain Vulnerability Analysis for China” (Supply Chain Vulnerabilities from China in US Federal Information and Communications Technology, hereinafter “US ICT Supply Chain Risk Report.”

The report pointed out that in the commercial electronic components and information systems that support the United States Federal Information System, the role of Chinese suppliers plays a decisive role. The business information technology supply chain is an international business controlled by East Asian suppliers. In addition to companies in mainland China, many companies headquartered in Taiwan and Singapore also have their own manufacturing branches in mainland China. Mainland China assembles most of the world’s consumer electronics and commercial electronic devices, producing components such as flash memory cards, which account for most of the global IT industry’s production. China is the world’s largest exporter and importer of information technology hardware. It is also an important producer of computer workstations, notebook computers, routers, switches, fiber optic cables and printers.

The report thus describes the threat China poses to the U.S. federal ICT supply chain: Relatively speaking, Chinese state-owned companies located in China are more threatened than those manufactured by Chinese companies in Singapore. According to the report, the Chinese government may support certain Chinese companies in conducting commercial espionage activities to increase their competitiveness and promote the government’s interests. ZTE, Huawei, Lenovo, Inspur, BOE, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Electronics Technology Group (CECT), Beijing Huasheng Tiancheng and other 19 companies were named. These 19 companies are either state-owned or industry leaders or have a national defense background. According to the report, BOE and TPV Technology provide display screens and LCD screens for Dell Inc.; Lenovo Group and Huawei Inc. provide various hardware products for US companies and have “cyber spy” risk.

From 2012 onwards, the relevant investigation agencies will provide a report to the U.S. Congress every year – “The risks from Chinese companies in the ICT supply chain in the United States”. Huawei and ZTE are listed annually.

This year, we chose to publish and make a name on this sensitive node so that the companies on the list are particularly nervous.

A personage in the Lenovo Group told the Caijing reporter that the Lenovo Group is indeed assessing the financial and strategic implications of the US government’s additional tariff value of US$100 billion. However, he believes whether it will affect Lenovo Group, but also depends on the outcome of the new round of Sino-US trade negotiations.

A core person in BOE told the Caijing reporter that BOE and the relevant departments of the Ministry of Commerce have maintained close communication and the long-term influence is difficult to assess, but the stock price of BOE has been under pressure.

On April 20, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying responded to the report and stated that the US frequently sets limits on Sino-U.S. trade and investment activities in the high-tech field on the grounds of national security. It is obviously in the name of national security that it carries out trade protection. The realism reveals the hegemonic mentality of the US “only if I can have it and you are not allowed to have it”.

A senior company official on the list commented to the “Finance” reporter that if the new round of Sino-US trade negotiations went smoothly, it would not necessarily be a material risk to be included in the list. However, the selection of this list at this time could be regarded as an “effective threat”. “.

 

Technology Cold War?

Cross-border investment in science and technology between China and the United States may suddenly cease

Cross-border investment, cooperation, and mergers and acquisitions in high-tech fields have become a sensitive battlefield for Sino-US trade.

On April 19, a U.S. research institute released a report saying that due to policy and political factors, the scale of bilateral direct investment between Chinese and U.S. companies in 2017 decreased by nearly one-third from 2016. Among them, China’s direct investment in the United States decreased by about 37% last year, the first decline in the past decade; the United States investment in China remained basically unchanged.

This report shows that China’s investment in the United States is mainly concentrated in four industries: real estate and hotel accommodation, information and communications technology, energy, agriculture, and food. From 1990 to 2017, in all Chinese investments in the United States, the above four areas accounted for more than two-thirds of the total.

According to the agency’s estimates, more than US$8 billion in investment transactions were cancelled last year because of concerns that the US Foreign Investment Committee (CFIUS), which is responsible for national security reviews, could not be resolved.

Douglas Paal, vice president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, told Caijing reporters that the entire U.S. government officials have actively prevented technology from flowing from the United States to China, and they have used too much force.

He said that the U.S. government believes that the Chinese government has “reached too far abroad and is too closed at home”, and this proposal makes it impossible for the United States and China to continue their existing trade and cooperation. ZTE violated the settlement agreement at this critical moment, making these claims of the United States easier.

Anne Salladin spent nearly 20 years at CFIUS and is now a partner at Stroock & Stroock & Lavan LLP. She told Caijing reporters that Trump has asked Finance Minister Mukuchin to consider restricting investment by Chinese companies, but it is unclear what these restrictions will involve.

Saladin pointed out four risks for Chinese companies: Future acquisitions in semiconductors will be very challenging; companies that purchase cutting-edge and emerging technologies in the United States, especially those with potential military technologies, will also face challenges; in trade Involving the “Made in China 2025” field is also challenging, for example, in the field of artificial intelligence; in addition, there are also risks in China and the United States where there are market access issues and the lack of reciprocal reciprocity.

In recent years, China and the United States have been active in M&A investment activities in emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence. Statistical data of financial service system service enterprises’ business cards show that since 2016, Tencent, which has the most active investment in the United States, has invested in a total of 27 American technology companies. In addition, the investment departments of Lenovo Group include Lenovo Venture Capital, Junlian Capital, and Lenovo. Star, etc., invested a total of 9 US technology companies in the past two years.

The power to stop technology from flowing from the United States to China comes mainly from the Trump administration and the US Congress. CFIUS is becoming more and more powerful, and the aggressiveness of investing in China is also increasing.

Informed sources told the Caijing reporter that the Trump administration will empower CFIUS to review transactions that may result in the transfer of technology to China, and even some joint ventures and potential greenfield investment projects will be included. The CFIUS privilege will be expanded. Under the label of “national security threats,” this trend will continue to grow.

The United States is increasingly watching for high-tech companies in China. The United States Wireless Communications and Internet Association (CTIA) released a report saying that China is aggressive in its 5G deployment and that China will win 5G competition. This is a major mistake made by the United States.

Regardless of the fate of ZTE, more and more US government agencies are all referring to Chinese technology companies. On April 17, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) prohibited the Universal Service Fund (USF) from purchasing any equipment or services that pose a threat to the U.S. national security. This is actually a ban on its purchase of Chinese equipment.

Steven Berry, president and chief executive officer of the American Competitive Operators Association (CCA), commented on the comments of the Caijing reporter: “The FCC prohibits the USF from purchasing any equipment or services that pose a threat to the national security of the United States. This recommendation refers to a wide range and may affect every aspect of the communications supply chain, whether or not you use a general service fund, or whether you purchase equipment and services in China and Russia.”

Some small operators in the United States serving remote areas rely on telecommunication companies such as ZTE and Huawei to provide equipment. Berry hopes that any actions taken by the FCC should push the United States to a wide range of solutions, rather than a measure to make rural American consumers paralyzed.

Saladin told the Caijing reporter that Sino-U.S. relations and the environmental requirements of China and the United States have more extensive solutions, and CFIUS should not be involved in the solution to trade problems. However, “national security” has become an expression of Trump, down to some American civilians in protectionism, and this is particularly evident when it comes to targeting China.

When normal trade and commerce are caught in the whirlpool of national security, many things begin to become subtle and dangerous.

How to solve “core disease”

“We shouldn’t do anything. It’s best that we have a few things that other people can’t do.”

The ZTE dilemma is the most painful to the people. ZTE’s “a shock on one card” exposed the fragility of the Chinese chip industry.

ZTE chip R&D capabilities are not as bad as the outside world has imagined. According to the “Chip Industry Patent Analysis and Patent Portfolio Quality Assessment” report issued by Questel, an internationally renowned patent search company, ZTE IC chip revenue ranks third in China. ZTE has developed and successfully commercialized more than 100 kinds of chips, mainly including wired transmission chips, wired packet chips, broadband access chips, wireless system chips, mobile terminal chips, and multimedia chips. In terms of scale, ZTE has actually formed a cloud, Pipeline, full range of communications chip design capabilities.

Despite this, ZTE’s 20%-30% key components are highly dependent on U.S. companies such as FPGA chips, baseband chips, server chips, and optical modules, and domestic autonomous replacement capabilities are limited.

At present, the optical modules used by ZTE are mainly provided by American ACIA and Oclaro. In particular, high-end optical modules can only rely on imports from the United States; baseband chips are mainly provided by Qualcomm. Although Spreadtrum has certain ability to replace, Spreadtrum chips contain Qualcomm patents. Theoretically, it could not be sold to ZTE; the global server chip market was mainly controlled by Intel; the FPGA chip market was mainly controlled by Xilinx and Intel.

Communication equipment involves a large number of components. One base station has one chip banned and the entire base station cannot be delivered. In fact, not only ZTE, ZTE’s overseas rivals Nokia and Ericsson also rely heavily on chip outsourcing.

China is already the world’s largest consumer market for semiconductor chips. China Semiconductor Industry Association (CSIA) statistics show that China’s integrated circuit import value exceeded US$260 billion in 2017 and has become China’s largest import commodity for three consecutive years. According to the data of the General Administration of Customs, the import volume of integrated circuits has exceeded crude oil for three consecutive years since 2015, and the difference in import between the two countries is more than US$95 billion per year.

A chip from the IC design, wafer production, IC manufacturing, IC packaging to testing, the complexity of the production process, the high demand is that many people outside the industry can not imagine. In addition to the large number of manufacturing processes and product types, the rapid replacement of technology also leads to high investment risks. For example, the 28nm nanometer (nm) chip design of the world’s mainstream technology has an R&D investment of about 100 to 200 million yuan, and a 14nm chip is about 200 to 300 million yuan. The research and development cycle is 1 year to 2 years. An investment of 28nm process integrated circuit production line is about 5 billion US dollars, 20nm process production line up to 10 billion US dollars.

In this interlocking industry chain, China has made rapid progress in the areas of chip design and packaging and testing, but it is difficult to make up for gaps in chip manufacturing and other areas.

A senior personage who is engaged in chip design for ten years analyzes that in the field of chip design, China is ranked in the second echelon and has not yet mastered the design capabilities of high-end general-purpose chips, but “is not insurmountable”.

 

Chip design is the locomotive of the IC industry. China Semiconductor Industry Association statistics, the first half of 2017 China’s integrated circuit industry sales were 220.13 billion yuan, an increase of 19.1%. Among them, the design industry grew 21.1% year-on-year, sales of 83.01 billion yuan; manufacturing growth rate is still the fastest to reach 25.6%, sales of 57.12 billion yuan; packaging and testing industry sales of 80.01 billion yuan, an increase of 13.2%.

“Simple calculation of revenue is easy to give people the illusion of prosperity.” The chip design industry said, “Huawei Hasi, Zhanrui have entered the world’s top ten IC design revenue, but China’s IC design company’s general gross margin is 30% Below, European and American competitors are all above 45%.”

Moreover, China’s chip design leader lacks talent, corporate technology and management teams are unstable, and companies are weak. More than 500 integrated circuit design companies earn about 60%-70% of Qualcomm’s revenue. The industry’s R&D investment is less than that of Intel’s. the company.

The closest integrated circuit in China to the international level is package testing. Compared with the world’s largest semiconductor packaging and testing company, Taiwan Riyueguang, there are no technical gaps in the three major domestic plants (Changdu, Tongfu Micro, and Tianshui Huatian). However, Wang Yanhui, secretary-general of the China Semiconductor Investment Union, told Caijing reporters that the three major Chinese packaging and testing plants are taking a low-cost operating route, which limits the introduction of high-end talent.

Chip manufacturing is currently the shortest short board in China’s chip industry.

Moore’s Law determines that when the price does not change, the number of components that can be accommodated on an integrated circuit will double every 18-24 months, and the performance will also double, requiring the integrated circuit to be smaller in size. The chip process is a parameter used to characterize the size of the integrated circuit, which has been developed from 0.5 microns to the current 10 nm, 7 nm, and 5 nm. At present, the 28nm-14nm process node in the world’s integrated circuit industry is mature, and the 14nm-10nm process has been in volume production. Intel, Samsung, and TSMC all announced that they have achieved mass production of 10nm chips and are ready to invest in the construction of 7nm and 5nm production lines. The Apple iPhoneX uses the 10nm process from TSMC.

SMIC, the best manufacturer of chip technology in the Mainland, is still struggling with 14nm, and it may be mass-produced next year.

Wang Yanhui analyzed with the reporter of Caijing. From the perspective of experience and technology, 14nm is a road ridge. It can step over and catch up with speed. Samsung also started to catch up with TSMC from 14nm.

Liang Mengsong was formerly the head of R&D for 14nm development of TSMC, and also the R&D director for 14nm developed by Samsung. The Liang Mengsong team has greatly accelerated the 14nm development process of SMIC and proved the decisive role of talents in the IC industry. Liang Meng Song is currently the joint chief executive officer and executive director of SMIC.

A senior engineer at Huawei Hass told the “Finance” reporter that another common problem in China’s chip design industry today is that it is separated from the market, and the design direction is not integrated with the rapidly changing market demand, and it is difficult to enter the high-end market in the whole machine sector. Qualcomm, Intel, etc. build a vertically integrated industrial ecosystem in the world, and domestic companies can only adopt passive follow-up strategies.

A chip design senior engineer at a national research institute told the “Finance” reporter that he mainly undertakes all the unspoken rules of IC design research. There are several types of funds allocated by the state to various research institutes. The most important one is the technical renovation fee, which is about a few hundred million yuan per year for a single institute, followed by vertical research funding, which amounts to tens of millions of yuan each year.

Since 2005, almost every department of the institute has its own production line, produces some low-end products, and uses state subsidies to compete with private companies. After 2005, “Everybody is thinking about taking orders and selling things. Nobody pays attention to the accumulation of technology. It has violated the original intention of the state to invest in the Institute.”

“This kind of quick success and instant benefit is very common in the institute. The country has no hard-and-fast requirements for the R&D performance of the institute. It depends on the various institutes to feel conscious that if the management of the institute is academically affiliated and attaches importance to R&D, the situation will be better.” The engineer said.

Another key factor is the limitation of the Wassenaar Agreement. Chinese companies cannot buy the most advanced manufacturing equipment and integrated circuit technologies. The Wassenaar Agreement, which is the full name of the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Control of Conventional Arms and Dual-use Goods and Technologies, was established in 1996. It has a total of 33 member states and China is not included. The main purpose of the agreement is to prevent Key technologies and components are lost outside the member countries.

The most important lithography machine in chip manufacturing, the latest in 2010 is the 32nm process lithography machine, which can be purchased by mainstream semiconductor manufacturers all over the world, but Chinese manufacturers cannot buy it. SMIC did not cooperate with the Belgium Microelectronics Research Center until 2015 and obtained a 32 nm lithography machine. However, in the same year, leading global chip makers such as TSMC, Intel and Samsung have all purchased 10nm lithography machines. In addition, traditional chip giants have made strict arrangements from hardware to software to ecology, and Chinese companies have had great difficulties in catching up.

“This is not China’s personalization issue. Europe, Japan, and most countries in the world are actually the same.” The above-mentioned chip veterans told the “Financial” reporter that some countries have some breakthroughs in the subdivided areas, but they are often unable to “gather the momentum”. “To expand the breakthrough point.

Wang Yanhui pointed out that the core of technological breakthrough is to lead talents at the high end, but most of the world’s top chip design talents are in the United States. Although there have been many overseas personnel studying abroad in the past 30 years, very few people have access to high-level IC companies in Europe and America. Individuals can enter. It’s also monitored by the U.S. government.

Therefore, the big discussion triggered by the ZTE event focused on a single point. Should China develop the “China Core” independently?

In an interview with the media, Li Hongbin, a professor of Peking University and a member of the National Key Research Program for Broadband Communications and New Network of the 13th Five-Year Plan, recently stated that China has raised the level of research and development in basic fields such as core chips with or without a technology blockade. time.

A number of industry experts told the “Finance” reporter, in the traditional CPU, GPU and other traditional chip areas, Intel, Nvidia and other US companies have cultivated a mature and stable ecology, Chinese companies catch up with the difficulty, it takes a long time to shorten the gap. Yu Kai, the founder of the AI ​​chip startup Horizon, told Caijing reporters that he should not engage in “reinventing iron and steel cores” because of the ZTE incident.

A board member with more than 20 years of chip experience from the North American China Semiconductor Association (NACSA) interviewed a local Chinese-language media “American Chinese” and said that the success of China’s true chip leader Huawei Hass is not due to national policy but rather to business. The results of tactics and market forces. Some government-sponsored enterprises that used to report heavily did not dare to compliment their results. The real success must be the commercial success that can be put on the international table. Draw your own circle, and afterwards, it is not a climate to entertain yourself.

A person close to the decision-maker told the Caijing reporter: “We should not do everything. It is best that we have something that others cannot do without, such as Taiwan’s chip foundry, Korean memory and display, and Japan. Special tools and silicon wafer materials, etc.. The so-called inseparable, not that others will not do, but we do the best, the cheapest, others do not have, you may lose competitiveness.”

But the global chip industry is emerging a new track – artificial intelligence (AI) chip. AI chips are generally used to accelerate specific artificial intelligence algorithms. Traditional chip giants such as Intel and Nvidia, Chinese and foreign Internet companies such as Google, Ali, and startups are all pouring into this market.

The 2017 ISSCC Conference (International Solid-State Circuits Conference, the highest level conference in the field of integrated circuit design recognized by the world’s academic and business circles, known as the World Olympic Congress in the field of IC design) defines the theme as “Intelligent World Smart Chips” “. Internet of things and artificial intelligence are the future development directions of integrated circuits. New growth points mainly come from applications such as the Internet of Things, smart cars, VR/AR, 5G, and artificial intelligence.

Because of the AI ​​chip, China and the United States stood on the same starting line again.

It is very likely that a startup company will become the main player in this round of racing. China’s AI chip startup Cambrian Technology launched the world’s first commercially available deep learning processor in 2016. It is now available in Huawei’s P10 handsets and is quickly deployed to the market.

According to data from the end of 2017 of global venture capital dynamic tracking agency CB Insights, China accounts for 48% of the total amount of artificial intelligence startup funds in the world (38% in the United States), focusing on face recognition and chips.

Yu Kai told the “Financial” reporter that the AI ​​chip startup company must move forward quickly, so from the very beginning, it clearly focused on the market segments. From the beginning, it solved the problem of the disconnection between traditional chips and the market, and it was precisely because of this. At the rhythm of system design, Chinese and American companies are basically in the same pace. “We are standing on the same starting line and we step on the right track. That’s it,” he said. AI chips are still on the eve of an industry outbreak and the future is full of uncertainty.

Zhongxing Future

In addition to ZTE, the fate of a number of Chinese companies is also affected by this round of Sino-U.S. negotiations.

On April 21, the fifth day after the US Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security activated an export restraint order against ZTE, the day after ZTE issued a protest statement, a senior U.S. Department of Commerce official stated publicly that the agency has approved ZTE has requested more material from informal channels.

This means that the ZTE crisis ushered in a turning point. However, the fate of ZTE not only depends on its own efforts, but also depends on the outcome of a new round of Sino-US trade negotiations.

Whether the Sino-U.S. trade negotiations will eventually reach an agreement on which level, whether it involves the ZTE issue and the national information security issues related to the ZTE event will directly determine the next decision of the U.S. Department of Commerce. If there is a slowdown on the refusal order, ZTE will obtain A lively life.

Frank Samolis, co-chairman of international trade at Squire Patton Boggs LLP, told the Caijing reporter that Chinese companies “read Washington” are very important.

He said that this government is unprecedented, and the relationship between President Trump and Republican lawmakers in Congress is unprecedented – the presidential leading Republican Party has completely weakened the position of Republican congressional leaders. They do not agree with Trump’s actions, but they cannot challenge the President. Some respected Republican leaders have tended to completely obey Trump in economic and trade policies.

After the outbreak of the incident, there was a voice that the U.S. Department of Commerce once again penalized ZTE for violating the principle of “indisputable punishment”. However, a number of legal professionals interviewed by the “Finance” reporter believe that ZTE’s violation of the settlement agreement and the illegal trade with Iran are two related actions triggered by the same thing. The US Department of Commerce’s penalties for violating the settlement agreement are established. . This means that the U.S. has issued a “refusal order for trade” on ZTE to be legally established. The only turning point is whether the U.S. government can “put aside ZTE”.

It is precisely because of this that the fate of ZTE was finally suspended in the outcome of the mediation between China and the United States. If, as Trump said, China and the United States are very hopeful of reaching a trade agreement, ZTE will also usher in a fate. If Washington does not ultimately have the incentive to change the ruling, ZTE will face the final death.

Options given by the market include: Huawei’s mergers and acquisitions in the same city, and then the listing of the shell by ZTE; Lenovo or TCL acquisitions, expand the mobile phone business, cancel the ZTE brand, save the team and assets. Violet and other national teams have also frequently appeared in the discussion list. However, some ZTE executives told the Caijing reporter that these discussions are currently too early.

In addition to ZTE, the fate of a number of Chinese companies is also affected by this round of Sino-U.S. negotiations.

On the night of April 25th, the Wall Street Journal reported that the U.S. Department of Justice is investigating whether China’s largest telecommunications equipment company, Huawei, has violated its ban on Iran’s exports. This has made it more difficult for Huawei, which has already been restricted, to conduct business in the United States.

The U.S. Department of Justice, the Ministry of Commerce, and the Ministry of Finance declined to comment on the issue to the Wall Street Journal.

An informed source told the Caijing reporter that the situation between Huawei and ZTE is completely different. Huawei has more than 28% of the telecommunications equipment market share in the world, and its market share in Europe has reached 15% to 20%. The U.S. European allies are highly dependent on Huawei. If they are sanctioned, Huawei will have a fatal blow to the EU. ZTE has only 13% of the global market share, and most of the markets are in China.

Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, director of the European Center for International Political Economy Research, told Caijing reporters that in the current political climate, foreign companies have been found guilty until they are proven innocent, which will result in the market between China and the United States. Destructive damage. Since the United States does not have a telecommunications equipment manufacturer, this may not be an example of protectionism, more like a deep suspicion of successful Asian companies.

He believes that although Huawei is a strong contender for some of Europe’s major companies (Nokia and Ericsson), European governments have moved away from protectionism. On the contrary, Huawei has always been considered as a valuable partner. However, in front of European customers, Huawei will face increasing pressure in explaining its company ownership and its relationship with the Chinese government.

In 2017, Huawei’s revenue was 603.6 billion yuan. According to the business line, the operator’s business income reached 297.8 billion yuan, accounting for 49.3%, which was the company’s largest business; geographically, Huawei’s revenue in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa was 163.8 billion yuan. , accounting for 27.1% of total revenue, close to Huawei’s revenue in China (accounting for 29.0%).

“The most taboo thing in Washington is Huawei, not ZTE,” said the core person close to the relevant ministries and commissions of the country. “But Trump’s sanctions on Huawei will inevitably intimidate the sensitive allies of the European allies. Even Trump will not dare to. Make this decision easily.”

He believes that the investigation of Huawei is more like adding chips for the upcoming negotiations.

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Why does the United States have many highly experienced middle-aged people who are highly experienced and are working in the front lines?

Recently, there have been a series of trade disputes between China and the United States. In particular, ZTE Corporation has been sanctioned by the US Department of Commerce, which has aroused much of our thinking. From the perspective of national competition, the United States is China’s opponent, and we must certainly be self-reliant. On the other hand, I think these incidents have also raised a wake-up call for the rising Chinese.

The United States, there is still a lot of places that are worth our studying.

I don’t have any long speeches today. I want to say a small side: the maturity of American society.

If Chinese tourists visit the United States for a short period of time and look at the infrastructure of the United States, and then think about the beautiful city construction and high-speed rail in China, it will inevitably lead to a feeling of contentment. However, if you have lived with the people for a long period of time, even if you are far away in China, but you noticed some details, you may have different feelings.

For example, a major accident occurred on a Boeing 737 aircraft of Southwest Airlines of the United States a few days ago. Shortly after the plane took off, the left engine exploded. The captain took control of the aircraft well and spent more than 40 minutes with one engine. He forced a landing. Only one passenger died and seven were injured. Afterwards, the passengers expressed their gratitude to the captain and said she had “steel nerves.”

相关图片

What I want to say is a detail of this incident. The captain is Tammy Jo Shults, a 56-year-old woman. Schulz served in the Air Force for many years, flying F/A-18 fighter jets, and before joining the army, her undergraduate science was biology and comprehensive agriculture.

Schultz can calm himself at a critical moment, perhaps because she has experienced many things. She has comprehensive experience in different fields and she has the ability to deal with complex issues.

A person like this can be said to have a vehicle load in the United States. For example, in 2009, an Airbus A320 Airbus passenger plane crashed shortly after take-off, and both engines were set ablaze. The aircraft completely lost power and it was miraculously in the Hudson River in New York. The landing on the river was successful and there were no casualties on board 155 people. The captain of this plane was Sulenberg, who was 57 years old.

“切斯利·萨伦伯格”的图片搜索结果

Sulenberg was able to make a successful landing – even if he could *remember* landing on the river – it was probably because he flew over the seaplane early in his life. Sulenberg also served for many years in the Air Force and was specifically responsible for investigating flight accidents. Before joining the Air Force, he had bachelor’s and master’s degrees in science, psychology, and administration. After the accident became known, Sulenberg became a security guest, speaker, and best-selling author of television programs.

The United States has a lot of such high-level middle-aged people with extremely rich experience, and they all work on the front lines.

The bizarre deeds like this full of personal heroism seem to happen in the United States. Of course, a very important objective reason is that China’s aircraft are relatively new and it is not easy to accidentally happen on its own.

However, another aspect that cannot be ignored is that people in China are also relatively new. When I was engaged in physics, I had an outstanding feeling. To make a report in the United States, you will find that the following is a large section of middle-aged people. Back to China to be a report, the audience is almost all young people. Of course, this shows that China’s future is full of hope, but it also shows that China’s modernization process is still relatively… tender.

Based on my experience with contacts, the level of middle-aged people in the United States is very high. They are not only very good at accepting new things but also playing better than young people – and they themselves are the creators of new things. They are the main force of scientific research and the research and development of major companies. When I saw a young man talking with a middle-aged American, he was more likely to see young people asking middle-aged people. But in China, I am afraid that more work is done by young people.

About a decade ago, a retired, well-known physicist was already very old. He also had Parkinson’s syndrome. He did not want to stay at home and went to work in our physics department every day. The Department of Physics gave him an office, but nothing more. He has no funds, no students, no assistants, and is very inconvenient for trembling. My office is very close to him. I think everyone respects him. But no one takes the initiative to find him. After all, everyone is busy with their own projects.

One day, the old man found me and said that I was interested in seeing the poster I posted on the corridor wall. We discussed it and he said he had some ideas. Soon he came to me again, he deduced several pages of formulas, and neatly typed and printed into written form! Later we several people collaborated on a paper. The old man has now passed away. He has been dead until he is a first-line physicist.

There are such people who always work in the first line. You think about what kind of society this is.

And the “middle age” that Americans have in mind is often equivalent to what Chinese people call “old age.” People in their sixties are not at all old and you must do it.

My wife used to work for IBM. Once we went to one of her colleagues’ homes. This was a 60-year-old engineer — he was always an engineer. Chatting to talk to a book, I said that the Kindle is a good reading tool. As a result, the engineer and his wife have not used the Kindle. I thought to myself that you were really old, and I showed them my Kindle.

But when talking about professional technology, I feel he is not old at all. He is a printer researcher. He gave me several technical details and some research and development stories. I didn’t remember it. But what I remember very clearly is that he talks about a type of printer that they are working on. The speed at which paper is printed out goes out fast, which is equivalent to a person running at full speed. He said that it was as if there was light in his eyes at this time.

As an old engineer who has become almost fine, how much can China have? And the engineer’s wife is also very powerful. She should be regarded as a housewife according to Chinese standards, but I found out in her chat that she was talking very well. The result was a person who loved reading very much. Basically, she knew all kinds of things.

My family has a neighbor who is 50 years old and still has technical inventions. He is cooperating with China and is preparing to start a business. I also know someone who was originally a middle school teacher. Middle-aged people were found to have had to stop working. After the cancer was cured, she entered the workplace again and re-learned. This time it was not a teacher, and she became a department manager of a large company. The parent of my son’s former friend in kindergarten was also an engineer, but he was actually very interested in physics. He asked me some special questions and sent me the physics news. I’ve had one with him. Global warming debate. When I first arrived in the United States, I took a physics class. In Quantum Mechanics, I had two elderly people in the class and asked me questions after class. I asked them if you were students too. They say no, we are here to watch – we want to learn quantum mechanics.

Therefore, the United States really does not have the phrase “great middle age”.

The birth rate of the United States is about 2.0, which is a little higher than the birth rate of the big cities in China. But my outstanding feeling is that the United States is a society run by middle-aged people. Such social work is more reliable and the people’s feelings are more rational.

Once I took a bus and sat in front of the bus to chat with the driver. The driver asked me if I was Chinese or not. I said yes. The driver said that I heard that the Chinese have taken away a lot of US jobs. As a result, when he had just said this sentence, I hadn’t waited until I answered, and a middle-aged woman next to her said it immediately. “That’s the reason for the United States.”

I think people like this will probably not engage in any campaign to boycott Chinese goods. I have never seen Americans out of control in public in so many years.

Last year my son had to go to the third grade. When I saw the teacher on the school website, my son’s teacher’s previous professionalism was actually sports. I was a bit dissatisfied with my mind at the time. This didn’t really mean “Mathematics is taught by a sports teacher?” But with this teacher, I discovered she was really a good teacher. She knows very well that she has a comprehensive education for her children and has carried out many teaching contents related to real society. Once she spoke about urban construction, she actually invited a real city planner. However, the teacher is still engaged in sports. She specifically took a week off to participate in the ski competition, and also let the children watch the live broadcast on the Internet.

Having a rich life experience can solve complex problems. While a country’s economic growth and technological advancement, people must also become complicated. The tolerance of American society is high, people can have a variety of experiences, and then even if they are older, they still have the opportunity to do a variety of work. In fact, because of the complexity of experience, age is not only a disadvantage, but it is still an advantage.

More than 50-year-old engineers in the United States start from scratch. Pilots in their 50s usher in the first heroic moment in their lives. Cancer patients in their fifties are seeking a high-paying position in a new industry. Sixty-year-old physicists follow suit. Young people learn skills. Sixty-something engineers are immersed in research and people aged 60 or 70 begin to learn quantum mechanics.

It is said that Cao Cao once met a Hussein ambassador. He felt that his short stature was ugly. He let a beautiful looking person pretend to be himself. He pretended to be a “catch a knife man” standing beside him. As a result, the hindsight asked how the Huns, the envoy of the Xiongnu, was a man. The Hussein told him that the king of Wei really did look good – but I saw that the man who stood behind him was the real hero.

Therefore, we see whether the United States is not strong enough to look at its airports and highways. Those middle-aged people standing behind the high-tech, big companies and advanced things in the United States are true heroes.

 

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When the United States rushes to negotiate in China, it seems that the White House is really unable to sit still?

President Trump said that the Chuan Jinhui has decided the location. According to CBS, the location has been reduced to Mongolia and Singapore. Due to the failure of Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong to claim a request, the chance of qualifying for Ulaanbaatar in the Mongolian capital high.

朝鮮半島到蒙古主要鐵路。

The main railway from the Korean Peninsula to Mongolia.

The Washington Post reported that since Chomp included Mongolia as an option in March, the world’s most sparsely populated country immediately began to bid for hosting opportunities. Former Mongolian President Elbegdorj said that Mongolia is the most suitable neutral country for the talks. The Mongolian President Batura’s chief of staff, Anand Anwar, later met with the North Korean ambassador and the US special envoy to discuss the concept.

1. Mongolia is the nearest neutral country

Chuan Jinhui’s site selection Mongolia has practical reasons: South Korea, China, and Russia all border North Korea, but Washington and Pyongyang have important political reasons for excluding them. Scholars said that Mongolia is the nearest neutral country.

2. Kim Jong-un can choose to take a train

There are different problems with flying farther to Europe or Southeast Asia: Although Kim Jong-un is not as afraid of flying like his father, North Korea’s Soviet-era old aircraft is in vain. Kim Jong-un may not be willing to “transfer” to another country. “It’s very embarrassing,” said Chevid, an analyst at the Center for Strategic and International Studies at the American think tank.

Kim Jong-un can choose to take the train. He recently visited Beijing on a green train line, comfortable, luxurious and safe. If this is the case, Mongolia, which has rail links with China and Russia, will have a geographical advantage.

3. Mongolia is the second country in the world to recognize North Korea

Geopolitical relations between North Korea and Mongolia are also important: During the Korean War, thousands of children were withdrawn to Mongolia; Mongolia was the second country in the world to recognize North Korea; both countries were allies during the Cold War; Kim Jong-un’s grandfather and father visited Mongolia. . Even though the UN sanctions measures have affected the two countries’ friendships, Mongolia’s foreign minister went to Pythago two months ago.

At the same time, since Mongolia established diplomatic relations with the United States in 1988, it has continued to receive assistance and the two countries have enjoyed good relations. Former U.S. Secretary of State Warren Curry visited Mongolia in 2016 and praised this place as an oasis of democracy between China and Russia.

The hosting of the Sichuan convention is also in line with Mongolia’s foreign policy. The country had previously held “Track 1.5” talks between North Korean officials and Western scholars in dialogues, showing clearly the ambition to use the reputation of a neutral country for welfare.

Another more pragmatic consideration in Mongolia is that as many as 35,000 Mongolians work in South Korea, any conflict on the Korean peninsula will affect their livelihoods and even endanger their lives.

 

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QYResearch Market Report : UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Research Report 2018

The global Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid market is valued at XX million USD in 2017 and is expected to reach XX million USD by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

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UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Research Report 2018

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UK plays an important role in global market, with market size of xx million USD in 2017 and will be xx million USD in 2025, with a CAGR of xx%.

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This report studies the Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid development status and future trend in UK, focuses on top players in UK, also splits Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid by type and by Application, to fully and deeply research and reveal the market general situation and future forecast.

The major players in UK market include

Valagro SpA

Biolchim SpA

Koppert B.V

Bio-Agricultural Services, Inc

Nutri-Tech Solutions Pty Ltd.

Pure Fulvic Minerals

Humic Growth Solutions

Saint Humic Acid

Adler Agro

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Address: 17890 Castleton Street Suite 218 City of Industry CA 91748 United  States

On the basis of product, this report displays the sales volume, revenue, product price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

High Purity Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid

Low Purity Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid

On the basis of the end users/Application, this report covers

Medicine

Health Care Products

Others

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

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Table of Contents

UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Research Report 2018

1 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid

1.2 Classification of Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid by Product Category

1.2.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) Comparison by Type (2013-2025)

1.2.2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) Market Share by Type in 2017

1.2.3 High Purity Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid

1.2.4 Low Purity Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid

1.3 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market by Application/End Users

1.3.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) and Market Share Comparison by Application (2013-2025)

1.3.2 Medicine

1.3.3 Health Care Products

1.3.4 Others

1.4 UK Revenue and Sales of Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid (2013-2025)

1.4.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate (%)(2013-2025)

1.4.2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (%)(2013-2025)

2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Competition by Players/Manufacturers

2.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) and Market Share (%) of Key Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Revenue and Share by Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.3 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Average Price (USD/Unit) by Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.4 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.4.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Concentration Rate

2.4.2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Players/Manufacturers

2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion in UK Market

2.5 UK Players/Manufacturers Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Manufacturing Base Distribution, Sales Area, Product Type

3 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales and Revenue (Value) by Type (2013-2018)

3.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) and Market Share by Type/ Product Category (2013-2018)

3.2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Revenue (Million USD) and Market Share by Type (2013-2018)

3.3 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Price (USD/Unit) by Type (2013-2018)

3.4 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales Growth Rate (%) by Type (2013-2018)

4 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales by Application (2013-2018)

4.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) and Market Share by Application (2013-2018)

4.2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales Growth Rate (%) by Application (2013-2018)

4.3 Market Drivers and Opportunities

5 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Players/Suppliers Profiles and Sales Data

5.1 Valagro SpA

5.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.1.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.1.2.1 Product A

5.1.2.2 Product B

5.1.3 Valagro SpA Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.2 Biolchim SpA

5.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.2.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.2.2.1 Product A

5.2.2.2 Product B

5.2.3 Biolchim SpA Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.3 Koppert B.V

5.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.3.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.3.2.1 Product A

5.3.2.2 Product B

5.3.3 Koppert B.V Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.4 Bio-Agricultural Services, Inc

5.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.4.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.4.2.1 Product A

5.4.2.2 Product B

5.4.3 Bio-Agricultural Services, Inc Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.5 Nutri-Tech Solutions Pty Ltd.

5.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.5.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.5.2.1 Product A

5.5.2.2 Product B

5.5.3 Nutri-Tech Solutions Pty Ltd. Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.6 Pure Fulvic Minerals

5.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.6.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.6.2.1 Product A

5.6.2.2 Product B

5.6.3 Pure Fulvic Minerals Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.7 Humic Growth Solutions

5.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.7.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.7.2.1 Product A

5.7.2.2 Product B

5.7.3 Humic Growth Solutions Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.8 Saint Humic Acid

5.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.8.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.8.2.1 Product A

5.8.2.2 Product B

5.8.3 Saint Humic Acid Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.9 Adler Agro

5.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.9.2 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Product Category, Application and Specification

5.9.2.1 Product A

5.9.2.2 Product B

5.9.3 Adler Agro Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Manufacturing Cost Analysis

6.1 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Key Raw Materials Analysis

6.1.1 Key Raw Materials

6.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials

6.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

6.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials

6.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

6.2.1 Raw Materials

6.2.2 Labor Cost

6.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses

6.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid

7 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

7.1 Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Industrial Chain Analysis

7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing

7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Major Manufacturers in 2017

7.4 Downstream Buyers

8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

8.1 Marketing Channel

8.1.1 Direct Marketing

8.1.2 Indirect Marketing

8.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend

8.2 Market Positioning

8.2.1 Pricing Strategy

8.2.2 Brand Strategy

8.2.3 Target Client

8.3 Distributors/Traders List

9 Market Effect Factors Analysis

9.1 Technology Progress/Risk

9.1.1 Substitutes Threat

9.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry

9.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change

9.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change

10 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Market Size (Sales and Revenue) Forecast (2018-2025)

10.1 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD) Forecast (2018-2025)

10.2 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

10.3 UK Pharmaceutical Grade Fulvic Acid Sales (K Units) Forecast by Application (2018-2025)

11 Research Findings and Conclusion

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QYResearch Market Report : UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Research Report 2018

The global Central Nervous System Biomarkers market is valued at XX million USD in 2017 and is expected to reach XX million USD by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

Get a complete report sample from this link:

UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Research Report 2018

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UK plays an important role in global market, with market size of xx million USD in 2017 and will be xx million USD in 2025, with a CAGR of xx%.

Get full report for $3,400 (single user license) 

$3,400  single license

USD 6,800 Enterprise License

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This report studies the Central Nervous System Biomarkers development status and future trend in UK, focuses on top players in UK, also splits Central Nervous System Biomarkers by type and by Application, to fully and deeply research and reveal the market general situation and future forecast.

The major players in UK market include

Thermo Fisher Scientific

Merck & Co

AbaStar MDx Inc

Abiant, Inc

Avacta Group Plc

Diagenic Asa

Banyan Biomarkers

Avid Radiopharmaceuticals Inc

Contact Details:

Company Name: QYResearch Inc.  |  More Than 120,000 Market Research Reports

Global Market Research Report Leading Publisher

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Web: http://www.qyresearch.com/

Address: 17890 Castleton Street Suite 218 City of Industry CA 91748 United  States

On the basis of product, this report displays the sales volume, revenue, product price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

Safety Biomarker

Efficacy Biomarker

Validation Biomarker

Other

On the basis of the end users/Application, this report covers

Hospitals

Clinics

Other

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

About us:

QYResearch, established in 2007, focuses on custom research, management consulting, IPO consulting, industry chain research, and data base &seminar services. The company owns large basic databases (such as National Bureau of Statistics Database, Customs Import and Export Database, Industry Association Database, etc.), expert resources (including industry experts who own more than 10 years experiences on marketing or R&D in industries of energy, automotive, chemicals, medical ICT consumer goods, etc.), professional survey team (the team members obtained more than 3 years market survey experience and more than 2 years deep expert interview experience), and excellent data analysis team (SPSS statistics and PPT graphics process team).

Custom Require  https://www.qyresearch.com/home/custom-investigation

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Table of Contents

UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Research Report 2018

1 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Central Nervous System Biomarkers

1.2 Classification of Central Nervous System Biomarkers by Product Category

1.2.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) Comparison by Type (2013-2025)

1.2.2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) Market Share by Type in 2017

1.2.3 Safety Biomarker

1.2.4 Efficacy Biomarker

1.2.5 Validation Biomarker

1.2.6 Other

1.3 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market by Application/End Users

1.3.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) and Market Share Comparison by Application (2013-2025)

1.3.2 Hospitals

1.3.3 Clinics

1.3.4 Other

1.4 UK Revenue and Sales of Central Nervous System Biomarkers (2013-2025)

1.4.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate (%)(2013-2025)

1.4.2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (%)(2013-2025)

2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Competition by Players/Manufacturers

2.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) and Market Share (%) of Key Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Revenue and Share by Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.3 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Average Price (USD/Unit) by Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.4 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.4.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Concentration Rate

2.4.2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Players/Manufacturers

2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion in UK Market

2.5 UK Players/Manufacturers Central Nervous System Biomarkers Manufacturing Base Distribution, Sales Area, Product Type

3 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales and Revenue (Value) by Type (2013-2018)

3.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) and Market Share by Type/ Product Category (2013-2018)

3.2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Revenue (Million USD) and Market Share by Type (2013-2018)

3.3 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Price (USD/Unit) by Type (2013-2018)

3.4 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales Growth Rate (%) by Type (2013-2018)

4 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales by Application (2013-2018)

4.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) and Market Share by Application (2013-2018)

4.2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales Growth Rate (%) by Application (2013-2018)

4.3 Market Drivers and Opportunities

5 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Players/Suppliers Profiles and Sales Data

5.1 Thermo Fisher Scientific

5.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.1.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.1.2.1 Product A

5.1.2.2 Product B

5.1.3 Thermo Fisher Scientific Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.2 Merck & Co

5.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.2.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.2.2.1 Product A

5.2.2.2 Product B

5.2.3 Merck & Co Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.3 AbaStar MDx Inc

5.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.3.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.3.2.1 Product A

5.3.2.2 Product B

5.3.3 AbaStar MDx Inc Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.4 Abiant, Inc

5.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.4.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.4.2.1 Product A

5.4.2.2 Product B

5.4.3 Abiant, Inc Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.5 Avacta Group Plc

5.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.5.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.5.2.1 Product A

5.5.2.2 Product B

5.5.3 Avacta Group Plc Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.6 Diagenic Asa

5.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.6.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.6.2.1 Product A

5.6.2.2 Product B

5.6.3 Diagenic Asa Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.7 Banyan Biomarkers

5.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.7.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.7.2.1 Product A

5.7.2.2 Product B

5.7.3 Banyan Biomarkers Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.8 Avid Radiopharmaceuticals Inc

5.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.8.2 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Product Category, Application and Specification

5.8.2.1 Product A

5.8.2.2 Product B

5.8.3 Avid Radiopharmaceuticals Inc Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Manufacturing Cost Analysis

6.1 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Key Raw Materials Analysis

6.1.1 Key Raw Materials

6.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials

6.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

6.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials

6.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

6.2.1 Raw Materials

6.2.2 Labor Cost

6.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses

6.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Central Nervous System Biomarkers

7 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

7.1 Central Nervous System Biomarkers Industrial Chain Analysis

7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing

7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Central Nervous System Biomarkers Major Manufacturers in 2017

7.4 Downstream Buyers

8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

8.1 Marketing Channel

8.1.1 Direct Marketing

8.1.2 Indirect Marketing

8.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend

8.2 Market Positioning

8.2.1 Pricing Strategy

8.2.2 Brand Strategy

8.2.3 Target Client

8.3 Distributors/Traders List

9 Market Effect Factors Analysis

9.1 Technology Progress/Risk

9.1.1 Substitutes Threat

9.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry

9.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change

9.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change

10 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Market Size (Sales and Revenue) Forecast (2018-2025)

10.1 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD) Forecast (2018-2025)

10.2 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

10.3 UK Central Nervous System Biomarkers Sales (K Units) Forecast by Application (2018-2025)

11 Research Findings and Conclusion

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QYResearch Latest Report : UK Radioactive Stents Market Research Report 2018

The global Radioactive Stents market is valued at XX million USD in 2017 and is expected to reach XX million USD by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025.

Get a complete report sample from this link:

UK Radioactive Stents Market Research Report 2018

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UK plays an important role in global market, with market size of xx million USD in 2017 and will be xx million USD in 2025, with a CAGR of xx%.

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This report studies the Radioactive Stents development status and future trend in UK, focuses on top players in UK, also splits Radioactive Stents by type and by Application, to fully and deeply research and reveal the market general situation and future forecast.

The major players in UK market include

Micro-Tech

Changzhou Zhiye

Changzhou Garson

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On the basis of product, this report displays the sales volume, revenue, product price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into

18mm Stent

20mm Stent

14mm Stent

Other Stents

On the basis of the end users/Application, this report covers

Esophageal Cancer

Biliary Cancer

Others

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Table of Contents

UK Radioactive Stents Market Research Report 2018

1 Radioactive Stents Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Radioactive Stents

1.2 Classification of Radioactive Stents by Product Category

1.2.1 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) Comparison by Type (2013-2025)

1.2.2 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) Market Share by Type in 2017

1.2.3 18mm Stent

1.2.4 20mm Stent

1.2.5 14mm Stent

1.2.6 Other Stents

1.3 UK Radioactive Stents Market by Application/End Users

1.3.1 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) and Market Share Comparison by Application (2013-2025)

1.3.2 Esophageal Cancer

1.3.3 Biliary Cancer

1.3.4 Others

1.4 UK Revenue and Sales of Radioactive Stents (2013-2025)

1.4.1 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate (%)(2013-2025)

1.4.2 UK Radioactive Stents Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (%)(2013-2025)

2 UK Radioactive Stents Market Competition by Players/Manufacturers

2.1 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) and Market Share (%) of Key Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.2 UK Radioactive Stents Revenue and Share by Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.3 UK Radioactive Stents Average Price (USD/Unit) by Players/Manufacturers (2013-2018)

2.4 UK Radioactive Stents Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.4.1 UK Radioactive Stents Market Concentration Rate

2.4.2 UK Radioactive Stents Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Players/Manufacturers

2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion in UK Market

2.5 UK Players/Manufacturers Radioactive Stents Manufacturing Base Distribution, Sales Area, Product Type

3 UK Radioactive Stents Sales and Revenue (Value) by Type (2013-2018)

3.1 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) and Market Share by Type/ Product Category (2013-2018)

3.2 UK Radioactive Stents Revenue (Million USD) and Market Share by Type (2013-2018)

3.3 UK Radioactive Stents Price (USD/Unit) by Type (2013-2018)

3.4 UK Radioactive Stents Sales Growth Rate (%) by Type (2013-2018)

4 UK Radioactive Stents Sales by Application (2013-2018)

4.1 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) and Market Share by Application (2013-2018)

4.2 UK Radioactive Stents Sales Growth Rate (%) by Application (2013-2018)

4.3 Market Drivers and Opportunities

5 UK Radioactive Stents Players/Suppliers Profiles and Sales Data

5.1 Micro-Tech

5.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.1.2 Radioactive Stents Product Category, Application and Specification

5.1.2.1 Product A

5.1.2.2 Product B

5.1.3 Micro-Tech Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.2 Changzhou Zhiye

5.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.2.2 Radioactive Stents Product Category, Application and Specification

5.2.2.1 Product A

5.2.2.2 Product B

5.2.3 Changzhou Zhiye Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview

5.3 Changzhou Garson

5.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

5.3.2 Radioactive Stents Product Category, Application and Specification

5.3.2.1 Product A

5.3.2.2 Product B

5.3.3 Changzhou Garson Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD), Price (USD/Unit) and Gross Margin (%)(2013-2018)

5.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview

6 Radioactive Stents Manufacturing Cost Analysis

6.1 Radioactive Stents Key Raw Materials Analysis

6.1.1 Key Raw Materials

6.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials

6.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

6.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials

6.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

6.2.1 Raw Materials

6.2.2 Labor Cost

6.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses

6.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Radioactive Stents

7 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

7.1 Radioactive Stents Industrial Chain Analysis

7.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing

7.3 Raw Materials Sources of Radioactive Stents Major Manufacturers in 2017

7.4 Downstream Buyers

8 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

8.1 Marketing Channel

8.1.1 Direct Marketing

8.1.2 Indirect Marketing

8.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend

8.2 Market Positioning

8.2.1 Pricing Strategy

8.2.2 Brand Strategy

8.2.3 Target Client

8.3 Distributors/Traders List

9 Market Effect Factors Analysis

9.1 Technology Progress/Risk

9.1.1 Substitutes Threat

9.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry

9.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change

9.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change

10 UK Radioactive Stents Market Size (Sales and Revenue) Forecast (2018-2025)

10.1 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units), Revenue (Million USD) Forecast (2018-2025)

10.2 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) Forecast by Type (2018-2025)

10.3 UK Radioactive Stents Sales (K Units) Forecast by Application (2018-2025)

11 Research Findings and Conclusion

More QYResearch  Latest Research Reports:

https://www.qyresearch.com/index/list/44/chemical-and-material

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